Select Version to Install
Make sure you view this installation guide from the branch (version) of GitLab you would like to install. In most cases this should be the highest numbered stable branch (example shown below).
If this is unclear check the GitLab Blog for installation guide links by version.
This installation guide was created for and tested on Debian/Ubuntu operating systems. Please read
doc/install/requirements.md for hardware and operating system requirements.
This is the official installation guide to set up a production server. To set up a development installation or for many other installation options please consult the installation section in the readme.
The following steps have been known to work. Please use caution when you deviate from this guide. Make sure you don’t violate any assumptions GitLab makes about its environment. For example many people run into permission problems because they changed the location of directories or run services as the wrong user.
If you find a bug/error in this guide please submit a merge request following the contributing guide.
The GitLab installation consists of setting up the following components:
- Packages / Dependencies
- System Users
- GitLab shell
sudo is not installed on Debian by default. Make sure your system is up-to-date and install it.
# run as root! apt-get update -y apt-get upgrade -y apt-get install sudo -y
Note: During this installation some files will need to be edited manually. If you are familiar with vim set it as default editor with the commands below. If you are not familiar with vim please skip this and keep using the default editor.
# Install vim and set as default editor sudo apt-get install -y vim sudo update-alternatives --set editor /usr/bin/vim.basic
Install the required packages:
sudo apt-get install -y build-essential zlib1g-dev libyaml-dev libssl-dev libgdbm-dev libreadline-dev libncurses5-dev libffi-dev curl openssh-server redis-server checkinstall libxml2-dev libxslt-dev libcurl4-openssl-dev libicu-dev logrotate
Make sure you have the right version of Python installed.
# Install Python sudo apt-get install -y python # Make sure that Python is 2.5+ (3.x is not supported at the moment) python --version # If it's Python 3 you might need to install Python 2 separately sudo apt-get install -y python2.7 # Make sure you can access Python via python2 python2 --version # If you get a "command not found" error create a link to the python binary sudo ln -s /usr/bin/python /usr/bin/python2 # For reStructuredText markup language support install required package: sudo apt-get install -y python-docutils
Make sure you have the right version of Git installed
# Install Git sudo apt-get install -y git-core # Make sure Git is version 1.7.10 or higher, for example 1.7.12 or 1.8.4 git --version
Is the system packaged Git too old? Remove it and compile from source.
# Remove packaged Git sudo apt-get remove git-core # Install dependencies sudo apt-get install -y libcurl4-openssl-dev libexpat1-dev gettext libz-dev libssl-dev build-essential # Download and compile from source cd /tmp curl --progress https://git-core.googlecode.com/files/git-18.104.22.168.tar.gz | tar xz cd git-22.214.171.124/ make prefix=/usr/local all # Install into /usr/local/bin sudo make prefix=/usr/local install # When editing config/gitlab.yml (Step 6), change the git bin_path to /usr/local/bin/git
Note: In order to receive mail notifications, make sure to install a mail server. By default, Debian is shipped with exim4 whereas Ubuntu does not ship with one. The recommended mail server is postfix and you can install it with:
sudo apt-get install -y postfix
Then select ‘Internet Site’ and press enter to confirm the hostname.
Remove the old Ruby 1.8 if present
sudo apt-get remove ruby1.8
Download Ruby and compile it:
mkdir /tmp/ruby && cd /tmp/ruby curl --progress ftp://ftp.ruby-lang.org/pub/ruby/2.0/ruby-2.0.0-p353.tar.gz | tar xz cd ruby-2.0.0-p353 ./configure --disable-install-rdoc make sudo make install
Install the Bundler Gem:
sudo gem install bundler --no-ri --no-rdoc
git user for Gitlab:
sudo adduser --disabled-login --gecos 'GitLab' git
GitLab Shell is an ssh access and repository management software developed specially for GitLab.
# Go to home directory cd /home/git # Clone gitlab shell sudo -u git -H git clone https://gitlab.com/gitlab-org/gitlab-shell.git -b v1.8.0 cd gitlab-shell sudo -u git -H cp config.yml.example config.yml # Edit config and replace gitlab_url # with something like 'http://domain.com/' sudo -u git -H editor config.yml # Do setup sudo -u git -H ./bin/install
To setup the MySQL/PostgreSQL database and dependencies please see
# We'll install GitLab into home directory of the user "git" cd /home/git
# Clone GitLab repository sudo -u git -H git clone https://gitlab.com/gitlab-org/gitlab-ce.git -b 6-4-stable gitlab # Go to gitlab dir cd /home/git/gitlab
Note: You can change
master if you want the bleeding edge version, but never install master on a production server!
cd /home/git/gitlab # Copy the example GitLab config sudo -u git -H cp config/gitlab.yml.example config/gitlab.yml # Make sure to change "localhost" to the fully-qualified domain name of your # host serving GitLab where necessary # # If you installed Git from source, change the git bin_path to /usr/local/bin/git sudo -u git -H editor config/gitlab.yml # Make sure GitLab can write to the log/ and tmp/ directories sudo chown -R git log/ sudo chown -R git tmp/ sudo chmod -R u+rwX log/ sudo chmod -R u+rwX tmp/ # Create directory for satellites sudo -u git -H mkdir /home/git/gitlab-satellites # Create directories for sockets/pids and make sure GitLab can write to them sudo -u git -H mkdir tmp/pids/ sudo -u git -H mkdir tmp/sockets/ sudo chmod -R u+rwX tmp/pids/ sudo chmod -R u+rwX tmp/sockets/ # Create public/uploads directory otherwise backup will fail sudo -u git -H mkdir public/uploads sudo chmod -R u+rwX public/uploads # Copy the example Unicorn config sudo -u git -H cp config/unicorn.rb.example config/unicorn.rb # Enable cluster mode if you expect to have a high load instance # Ex. change amount of workers to 3 for 2GB RAM server sudo -u git -H editor config/unicorn.rb # Copy the example Rack attack config sudo -u git -H cp config/initializers/rack_attack.rb.example config/initializers/rack_attack.rb # Configure Git global settings for git user, useful when editing via web # Edit user.email according to what is set in gitlab.yml sudo -u git -H git config --global user.name "GitLab" sudo -u git -H git config --global user.email "gitlab@localhost" sudo -u git -H git config --global core.autocrlf input
Important Note: Make sure to edit both
unicorn.rb to match your setup.
# Mysql sudo -u git cp config/database.yml.mysql config/database.yml # Make sure to update username/password in config/database.yml. # You only need to adapt the production settings (first part). # If you followed the database guide then please do as follows: # Change 'secure password' with the value you have given to $password # You can keep the double quotes around the password sudo -u git -H editor config/database.yml or # PostgreSQL sudo -u git cp config/database.yml.postgresql config/database.yml # Make config/database.yml readable to git only sudo -u git -H chmod o-rwx config/database.yml
cd /home/git/gitlab # For MySQL (note, the option says "without ... postgres") sudo -u git -H bundle install --deployment --without development test postgres aws # Or for PostgreSQL (note, the option says "without ... mysql") sudo -u git -H bundle install --deployment --without development test mysql aws
sudo -u git -H bundle exec rake gitlab:setup RAILS_ENV=production # Type 'yes' to create the database. # When done you see 'Administrator account created:'
Download the init script (will be /etc/init.d/gitlab):
sudo cp lib/support/init.d/gitlab /etc/init.d/gitlab
And if you are installing with a non-default folder or user copy and edit the defaults file:
sudo cp lib/support/init.d/gitlab.default.example /etc/default/gitlab
If you installed gitlab in another directory or as a user other than the default you should change these settings in /etc/default/gitlab. Do not edit /etc/init.d/gitlab as it will be changed on upgrade.
Make GitLab start on boot:
sudo update-rc.d gitlab defaults 21
sudo cp lib/support/logrotate/gitlab /etc/logrotate.d/gitlab
Check if GitLab and its environment are configured correctly:
sudo -u git -H bundle exec rake gitlab:env:info RAILS_ENV=production
sudo service gitlab start # or sudo /etc/init.d/gitlab restart
sudo -u git -H bundle exec rake assets:precompile RAILS_ENV=production
Note: Nginx is the officially supported web server for GitLab. If you cannot or do not want to use Nginx as your web server, have a look at the GitLab recipes.
sudo apt-get install -y nginx
Download an example site config:
sudo cp lib/support/nginx/gitlab /etc/nginx/sites-available/gitlab sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/gitlab /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/gitlab
Make sure to edit the config file to match your setup:
# Change YOUR_SERVER_FQDN to the fully-qualified # domain name of your host serving GitLab. sudo editor /etc/nginx/sites-available/gitlab
sudo service nginx restart
To make sure you didn’t miss anything run a more thorough check with:
sudo -u git -H bundle exec rake gitlab:check RAILS_ENV=production
If all items are green, then congratulations on successfully installing GitLab!
Visit YOUR_SERVER in your web browser for your first GitLab login. The setup has created an admin account for you. You can use it to log in:
Important Note: Please go over to your profile page and immediately change the password, so nobody can access your GitLab by using this login information later on.
Advanced Setup Tips
If you’d like Resque to connect to a Redis server on a non-standard port or on a different host, you can configure its connection string via the
# example production: redis://redis.example.tld:6379
If you want to connect the Redis server via socket, then use the “unix:” URL scheme and the path to the Redis socket file in the
# example production: unix:/path/to/redis/socket
If you are running SSH on a non-standard port, you must change the gitlab user’s SSH config.
# Add to /home/git/.ssh/config host localhost # Give your setup a name (here: override localhost) user git # Your remote git user port 2222 # Your port number hostname 127.0.0.1; # Your server name or IP
You also need to change the corresponding options (e.g. ssh_user, ssh_host, admin_uri) in the
You can configure LDAP authentication in config/gitlab.yml. Please restart GitLab after editing this file.
GitLab uses Omniauth for authentication and already ships with a few providers preinstalled (e.g. LDAP, GitHub, Twitter). But sometimes that is not enough and you need to integrate with other authentication solutions. For these cases you can use the Omniauth provider.
These steps are fairly general and you will need to figure out the exact details from the Omniauth provider’s documentation.
- Stop GitLab
sudo service gitlab stop
- Add provider specific configuration options to your
config/gitlab.yml(you can use the auth providers section of the example config as a reference)
- Add the gem to your Gemfile
- If you’re using MySQL, install the new Omniauth provider gem by running the following command:
sudo -u git -H bundle install --without development test postgres --path vendor/bundle --no-deployment
- If you’re using PostgreSQL, install the new Omniauth provider gem by running the following command:
sudo -u git -H bundle install --without development test mysql --path vendor/bundle --no-deployment
These are the same commands you used in the Install Gems section with
--path vendor/bundle --no-deploymentinstead of
- Start GitLab
sudo service gitlab start
If you have successfully set up a provider that is not shipped with GitLab itself, please let us know. You can help others by reporting successful configurations and probably share a few insights or provide warnings for common errors or pitfalls by sharing your experience in the public Wiki. While we can’t officially support every possible auth mechanism out there, we’d like to at least help those with special needs.