Installing GlusterFS – a Quick Start Guide

Purpose of this document

This document is intended to give you a step by step guide to setting up GlusterFS for the first time. For this tutorial, we will assume you are using Fedora 21 (or later) virtual machines (other distributions and methods can be found in the new user guide, below. We also do not explain the steps in detail here, this guide is just to help you get it up and running as soon as possible. After you deploy GlusterFS by following these steps, we recommend that you read the GlusterFS Admin Guide to learn how to administer GlusterFS and how to select a volume type that fits your needs. Read the GlusterFS New User Guide for a more detailed explanation of the steps we took here. We want you to be successful in as short a time as possible.

If you would like a more detailed walk through with instructions for installing using different methods (in local virtual machines, EC2 and baremetal) and different distributions, then have a look at the Install guide.

Automatically deploying GlusterFS with Puppet-Gluster+Vagrant

If you’d like to deploy GlusterFS automatically using Puppet-Gluster+Vagrant, have a look at this article.

Step 1 – Have at least two nodes

  • Fedora 20 on two nodes named “server1” and “server2”
  • A working network connection
  • At least two virtual disks, one for the OS installation, and one to be used to serve GlusterFS storage (sdb). This will emulate a real world deployment, where you would want to separate GlusterFS storage from the OS install.
  • Note: GlusterFS stores its dynamically generated configuration files at /var/lib/glusterd. If at any point in time GlusterFS is unable to write to these files (for example, when the backing filesystem is full), it will at minimum cause erratic behavior for your system; or worse, take your system offline completely. It is advisable to create separate partitions for directories such as /var/log to ensure this does not happen.

Step 2 – Format and mount the bricks

(on both nodes): Note: These examples are going to assume the brick is going to reside on /dev/sdb1.

    mkfs.xfs -i size=512 /dev/sdb1
    mkdir -p /data/brick1
    echo '/dev/sdb1 /data/brick1 xfs defaults 1 2' >> /etc/fstab
    mount -a && mount

You should now see sdb1 mounted at /data/brick1

Step 3 – Installing GlusterFS

(on both servers) Install the software

    yum install glusterfs-server

Start the GlusterFS management daemon:

    service glusterd start
    service glusterd status
    glusterd.service - LSB: glusterfs server
           Loaded: loaded (/etc/rc.d/init.d/glusterd)
       Active: active (running) since Mon, 13 Aug 2012 13:02:11 -07002s ago
      Process: 19254 ExecStart=/etc/rc.d/init.d/glusterd start (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
       CGroup: name=systemd:/system/glusterd.service
           ├ 19260 /usr/sbin/glusterd -p /run/
           ├ 19304 /usr/sbin/glusterfsd --xlator-option georep-server.listen-port=24009 -s localhost...
           └ 19309 /usr/sbin/glusterfs -f /var/lib/glusterd/nfs/nfs-server.vol -p /var/lib/glusterd/...

Step 4 – Configure the trusted pool

From “server1”

    gluster peer probe server2

Note: When using hostnames, the first server needs to be probed from one other server to set its hostname.

From “server2”

    gluster peer probe server1

Note: Once this pool has been established, only trusted members may probe new servers into the pool. A new server cannot probe the pool, it must be probed from the pool.

Step 5 – Set up a GlusterFS volume

On both server1 and server2:

    mkdir /data/brick1/gv0

From any single server:

    gluster volume create gv0 replica 2 server1:/data/brick1/gv0 server2:/data/brick1/gv0
    gluster volume start gv0

Confirm that the volume shows “Started”:

    gluster volume info

Note: If the volume is not started, clues as to what went wrong will be in log files under /var/log/glusterfs on one or both of the servers – usually in etc-glusterfs-glusterd.vol.log

Step 6 – Testing the GlusterFS volume

For this step, we will use one of the servers to mount the volume. Typically, you would do this from an external machine, known as a “client”. Since using this method would require additional packages to be installed on the client machine, we will use one of the servers as a simple place to test first, as if it were that “client”.

    mount -t glusterfs server1:/gv0 /mnt
      for i in `seq -w 1 100`; do cp -rp /var/log/messages /mnt/copy-test-$i; done

First, check the mount point:

    ls -lA /mnt | wc -l

You should see 100 files returned. Next, check the GlusterFS mount points on each server:

    ls -lA /data/brick1/gv0

You should see 100 files on each server using the method we listed here. Without replication, in a distribute only volume (not detailed here), you should see about 50 files on each one.

Terminologies you should be familiar with.